RECORD GROUP: County Clerk
RECORD SERIES #: 1600
SERIES: 1875 New Jersey State Census for Monmouth County
VOLUME: 2 flat boxes
In Monmouth, ten of the 14 township censuses have survived, in whole or in part: Atlantic, Freehold, Holmdel, Howell, Marlboro, Middletown, Ocean, Shrewsbury, Upper Freehold, and Wall. Returns from Manalapan, Matawan, Millstone, and Raritan are missing.
While all of the pages for Shrewsbury Township have survived, the pages are in extremely poor condition. In 2002, the Monmouth County Genealogical Society offered to fund the extensive restoration of the Shrewsbury pages. Only through the restoration process were we able to abstract many of the individual names listed on the pages. Unfortunately, most of the damage occurred on the top portion of every page so, in most cases, the first five names were lost. Every effort was made to abstract as much information as possible for the database that indexes the records.
Abstracting the names and information was also very difficult throughout Ocean Township due to the poor handwriting and spelling of the names by the then Township Assessor, a Mr. Bennett. He had little problem with the old Monmouth County family names which were very familiar to him but had great difficulty with most, if not all, of the new families, particularly the Irish. In addition to the difficulties with transcribing the last name, there are many instances where his rendering of the individual’s first name is completely illegible or impossible to translate. He continually spelled Mary as Marry, Sarah as Sarrah and James as Jame. It is also difficult to differentiate between I & J, M & N, and S & R.
No. 1. Population Schedule is a list of inhabitants, showing name, age sex, birth, color, place of birth, parental nativity and occupation, and whether deaf, dumb, blind, insane or idiotic.
No. 2. Agriculture Schedule shows number of improved and unimproved acres, bushels or tons, and value of wheat, rye, corn, oats, buckwheat, barley, hay, straw, Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes. Agriculture Part B shows number and value of tobacco, pears & beans, turnips & carrots, apples, peaches, pears, grapes, berries, other fruits, milk, butter and cheese. It shows the total value of farm and dairy products, total value of farming implements and number of person employed. Agriculture Part C shows the number and value of livestock, horses, mules, milch cows, oxen, other cattle, sheep, swine and poultry.
No. 3. Manufactures Schedule shows persons, firms and corporations of manufacturing firms or mill operations, capital invested, value of land, buildings, personal property, raw materials and machinery, stock, and dollar value of annual product manufactured. Manufactures Part B shows number of employees, sex, age under 18, age under 12, average weekly wage paid, value of manufactured product, average number of people employed.
No. 4. Mining Schedule shows name of miner and mine, quarry or marl bed, kind of material produced, number of tons, value of product and capital invested.
No. 5. Commerce Schedule shows quantity, value, class, & tonnage for river and sea going vessels, oyster boats, and canal boats owned, and freight transported.
The Return of Births shows the month and place of birth, name and sex of child, and the name, occupation and residence of parents.
The Return of Deaths shows month and place of death, name, sex, married or single, age and occupation of deceased, place of birth, name of parents and cause of death.
125 Symmes Drive
Manalapan, NJ 07726
Phone: (732) 308-3771