1875 NJ Census Finding Aid

RECORD GROUP: County Clerk
SERIES: 1875 New Jersey State Census for Monmouth County
DATES: 1875
VOLUME: 2 flat boxes

1875 NJ Census image

***View 1875 Census Schedules for Monmouth County ***

The 1875 NJ Census for Monmouth County is available online at Open Public Records Search System (OPRS). What remains of the Census consists of ten towns for five schedules, a return of births, and a return of deaths that occurred that year. The five schedules were: population, agriculture, manufacturing, mining and commerce. The ten towns were: Atlantic, Freehold, Holmdel, Howell, Marlboro, Middletown, Ocean, Shrewsbury, Upper Freehold and Wall. Schedules for other towns are in storage but damaged and unreadable. Some schedules for some towns are missing.
The state census in New Jersey was taken every ten years, from 1855-1915. As far as anyone knew, prior to the 1990s, the entire 1875 NJ State census had disappeared and was lost forever. The 1875 Monmouth County records from the 1875 NJ State census were not uncovered until the 1990s. Incomplete records for Essex, Hunterdon and Sussex counties are available in NJ Archives.

In Monmouth, ten of the 14 township censuses have survived, in whole or in part: Atlantic, Freehold, Holmdel, Howell, Marlboro, Middletown, Ocean, Shrewsbury, Upper Freehold, and Wall. Returns from Manalapan, Matawan, Millstone, and Raritan are missing.

While all of the pages for Shrewsbury Township have survived, the pages are in extremely poor condition. In 2002, the Monmouth County Genealogical Society offered to fund the extensive restoration of the Shrewsbury pages. Only through the restoration process were we able to abstract many of the individual names listed on the pages. Unfortunately, most of the damage occurred on the top portion of every page so, in most cases, the first five names were lost. Every effort was made to abstract as much information as possible for the database that indexes the records.

Abstracting the names and information was also very difficult throughout Ocean Township due to the poor handwriting and spelling of the names by the then Township Assessor, a Mr. Bennett. He had little problem with the old Monmouth County family names which were very familiar to him but had great difficulty with most, if not all, of the new families, particularly the Irish. In addition to the difficulties with transcribing the last name, there are many instances where his rendering of the individual’s first name is completely illegible or impossible to translate. He continually spelled Mary as Marry, Sarah as Sarrah and James as Jame. It is also difficult to differentiate between I & J, M & N, and S & R.

A description of the schedules is as follows:
No. 1. Population Schedule is a list of inhabitants, showing name, age sex, birth, color, place of birth, parental nativity and occupation, and whether deaf, dumb, blind, insane or idiotic.

No. 2. Agriculture Schedule shows number of improved and unimproved acres, bushels or tons, and value of wheat, rye, corn, oats, buckwheat, barley, hay, straw, Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes. Agriculture Part B shows number and value of tobacco, pears & beans, turnips & carrots, apples, peaches, pears, grapes, berries, other fruits, milk, butter and cheese. It shows the total value of farm and dairy products, total value of farming implements and number of person employed. Agriculture Part C shows the number and value of livestock, horses, mules, milch cows, oxen, other cattle, sheep, swine and poultry.

No. 3. Manufactures Schedule shows persons, firms and corporations of manufacturing firms or mill operations, capital invested, value of land, buildings, personal property, raw materials and machinery, stock, and dollar value of annual product manufactured. Manufactures Part B shows number of employees, sex, age under 18, age under 12, average weekly wage paid, value of manufactured product, average number of people employed.

No. 4. Mining Schedule shows name of miner and mine, quarry or marl bed, kind of material produced, number of tons, value of product and capital invested.

No. 5. Commerce Schedule shows quantity, value, class, & tonnage for river and sea going vessels, oyster boats, and canal boats owned, and freight transported.

The Return of Births shows the month and place of birth, name and sex of child, and the name, occupation and residence of parents.

The Return of Deaths shows month and place of death, name, sex, married or single, age and occupation of deceased, place of birth, name of parents and cause of death.

This collection is open to researchers without restrictions.
The 1875 New Jersey Census for Monmouth County is available online on the county’s Open Public Records Search System (OPRS). The records are searchable by town, schedule and person’s name. An Access searchable database and these records are also available for viewing on microfilm in the Archives reading room. Original records on paper are retained but will only be retrieved for special purposes.
The records are arranged in order of town, alphabetically. The microfilm is in the same order as the original records.
Monmouth County Archives
125 Symmes Drive
Manalapan, NJ 07726
Phone: (732) 308-3771
This collection was transferred to the Monmouth County Archives by County Clerk, Jane G. Clayton, before 1994.
The records were microfilmed June 29, 1994. A finding aid was created in June 1994, revised in 2004 and updated April 2017 by George Joynson. The pages were digitized July 28, 2012.