2009 Archives History Game – The Great Depression in Monmouth County

Monmouth County’s John L. Montgomery Medical Home opened in 1929 as the Welfare House.
Mrs. Geraldine Thompson was a leading advocate of social services for the aged and the indigent in Monmouth County.
By 1935, Monmouth County was providing Old Age Pensions to more than 700 residents.
To balance the budget during the Great Depression, the County Freeholders reduced expenditures for bridge and road repairs and paid some expenses in scrip.
Chester I. Barnard, President of the New Jersey Bell Telephone Company, served as the first Director of the Emergency Relief Administration, State of New Jersey, appointed by Governor Moore in 1931.
A. Harry Moore was elected New Jersey Governor three times, in 1925, 1931, and 1937.
Despite the Great Depression, a notable colony of gold beaters thrived in Red Bank.
Gerald Foster, a WPA artist, painted the Molly Pitcher mural that now hangs in the Monmouth County Library Headquarters in Manalapan.
Margaret Bourke-White’s photographic exposé of notoriously corrupt Jersey City Mayor Frank Hague in LIFE magazine included a view of his lavish summer home in Deal.
The S.S. Morro Castle was a passenger ship that caught fire in 1934 en route from Cuba to New York and drifted aground in front of the boardwalk at Asbury Park.
After eating dinner and complaining of indigestion, Morro Castle Captain Robert Willmott supposedly died of a heart attack a few hours before a suspicious fire started on the ship.
To avoid being burned to death, many Morro Castle passengers jumped ship, while some crew members rowed to shore in half-empty life boats and refused to pick up survivors.
Jersey Homesteads was the original name of the town of Roosevelt in Upper Freehold.
Architect Louis Kahn was one of those chiefly responsible for the flat-roofed design of the houses at Jersey Homesteads.
Jersey Homesteads was unique among the cooperative communities established by the federal Resettlement Administration in that it included a clothing factory for the Jewish garment workers who settled there.
The Long Branch Pier was used for an amusement park before, during, and after the Great Depression.
The Karagheusian rug factory in Freehold, one of the biggest employers in Monmouth County during the Great Depression, had as many as 1,700 workers.
Nationwide, the WPA, a federal work relief program established in 1935, employed 3.3 million at its peak in 1938.
Two-way police radios and automatic four-way traffic signals were among the technological innovations in the 1920s and 1930s.
Owned by the mayors of Albany, Philadelphia, and San Francisco, as well as Solomon Guggenheim, the magnificent Aladdin’s Castle was a “summer cottage” in Elberon.